One effective way to learn is to use Social Media un-sociably. The traditional term for this is Lurking – hanging around a discursive space online without speaking up. It’s an inherently negative sounding term with connotations of voyeurism and surveillance – a fundamental aspect of not being embodied online. For example, if you attend a lecture but don’t ask a question you presumably aren’t Lurking because people can see you?
I’d like to propose the more positive notion of Elegant Lurking. This involves learners following key people in their disciplines (fellow students, ‘thought leaders’ practitioners, academics etc.) within Social Media to tune into the discourses within the subject. Often this is an effective way to discover interesting and valuable sources of information on a topic, especially those in formats which aren’t formally curated anywhere such as blog posts.
The bonus for learners is the additional discussion around these sources which takes place when they are shared. Comment and opinion on the subjects tackled and the relative credibility of the author and/or the material itself are extremely useful when you’re new to a particular area. Elegant Lurkers are critically evaluating the critical evaluation of thinking in their area of study… part of which involves assessing the credibility of the people involved in the discourse.
The value of this mode of engagement has be highlighted by the various Visitors & Residents mapping workshops like the one we recently ran in Galway for Catherine Cronin. It’s common for individuals maps to contain a Resident style platform (Twitter, Facebook etc) in the Visitor side of the map. Often this is because the individual is Elegantly Lurking. They are not yet interested in being visible online in a learning context but they find watching the discourse very useful.
A map from a 1st year Post-grad students in the Arts and Humanities. Note the position of Twitter at the visitor end of the continuum indicating ‘Elegant Lurking’ in a Resident style platform.
All successful Social Media platforms allow for Lurking in some form. It’ allows individuals to tune into the ‘dialect’ of a particular network or community so that when they first decide to say something they’re reasonably confident it will be in an acceptable tone. Some learners will choose never to speak-up though, especially if they are following an intimidating network of venerable ‘thought leaders’ or if they assume they won’t be responded to. Others might find that they gain confidence over time as they come to understand the discourse in greater depth and discover that they do have something to say.
I’ve seen this numerous times where a student or someone new to a field signals that this is the ‘the first time I’ve commented on this’ or ‘I’ve written my first post on this subject and thought you might be interested’. This is an extremely important transition point for a learner from knowledge-consumer to active community member. It’s the point at which they are exploring their ‘voice’ within the discourse.
Supporting students to move towards this transition should be central to the overall trajectory of our pedagogy in more nuanced ways than simply assigning marks to the act of blog posting. Elegant Lurking is an important ingredient in the subtle business of becoming a member of a community.
This also highlights the mercurial nature of what it means to ‘engage’. The Elegant Lurker can be much more engaged than the noisy contributor and not being visible doesn’t mean you aren’t present. I worry that in the race towards quantifying engagement via analytics the more gentle, qualitative modes of engagement such as Elegant Lurking will be overlooked.
17 thoughts on “Elegant Lurking”
Jenny Mackness April 16, 2015
Thanks for this post. What you have written of course relates in part to Wenger’s legitimate peripheral participation, but also I think to Lesley Gourlay’s recent paper about what we mean by student engagement and the tyranny of participation.
> Gourlay, L. (2015). “Student engagement” and the tyranny of participation. Teaching in Higher Education, (March), 1–10.
I like the notion of ‘elegant lurking’. I have never equated residency online with having to be openly participative. I see ‘lurking’ as providing a necessary distance from the crowd, which will be more necessary for some than others.
David White April 17, 2015
Thanks, I’ll talk a look at Lesley’s paper.
Sarah Honeychurch April 19, 2015
“The Elegant Lurker can be much more engaged than the noisy contributor” this is so true. As a noisy contributer myself I am aware that I would learn more if I sometimes shut up!
I’ll also be reading that paper – thanks for the reference Jenny.
Jeffrey Keefer April 19, 2015
I always objected to the concept of lurking, as it seems to imply (to me, at least) a certain dirtiness, like a dirty old man in a raincoat watching a playground.
I prefer to think of this as Active Reflection. Taking time to sit and think about things is very valuable, and this often needs new content about which to think. This is not just on the side, as that would otherwise not be a part of the community, but rather actively engaged in its business.
Kay Hack April 20, 2015
For anyone who has spent half a tweet chat composing the most pithy and elegant repost, only to find the conversation has moved on…
Chris Jobling April 20, 2015
I like the adjective but we still need to change the noun.
Chris Jobling April 20, 2015
That should be “adverb” and “verb” of course … dash my poor command of grammar!
Angela Brown April 20, 2015
Hi David, This calls to my mind the work of Susan Cain and her #quietrevolution. Although focussed more around personality & quiet influence of “introverts” in organisational leadership, and not that I’m saying lurking is necessarily an introverted behaviour, but just that the link between loudness and especially verbal voice = engagement in education is still absolutely seen as the benchmark in education. I found her approach really practical and it stopped me analysing my group engagements (online & offline) which always felt deficient, to realising the immense positive influence standing back and listening can have. Love your post for reigniting that line of thought for me, with elegant lurking, and wondering how it fits with rhizomatic learning.
Frances Bell April 21, 2015
Elegant lurking has a nice ring to it. Your post made me think about the ways that people use Twitter, multiple even for one person because of Twitter’s asymmetry. The first group of students I met who used Twitter in significant numbers (this is a few years ago) explained to me how they used it. They followed celebrities, TV shows, etc. with large followings – and they would be almost exclusively lurking but engaging with their network through RTing and talking about celebrity tweets . Their interaction with close friends was almost like text messaging. Some were publicly private (as Lange would say) revealing their identities but in a small circle. A few were privately publicly, using anonymous identities. I think you might need two boxes on the map for these behaviours:)
Eric April 21, 2015
This definitely runs in tune with what I spoke about at Talis Insight. Using social media as a way to “lurk” or “creep” as a way of learning…it’s how I’ve been able to quickly learn a lot about UK HE. Elegant Lurking or Strategic Creeping…it’s all about using social media for learning/listening.
JC April 22, 2015
Thanks for this. Its encouraging for people running social media channels with initially no response. We shall persevere (for a bit at least!)